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Sheldon 阿德尔森, 拉斯维加斯公约有远见和慈善家之死,享年87岁

Sheldon 阿德尔森, 拉斯维加斯公约有远见和慈善家之死,享年87岁

更新于2021年1月12日-上午7:51

Sheldon 阿德尔森, who rose from selling newspapers on Boston street corners at age 12 to one of the most successful luxury resort developers, philanthropists and political influencers of his generation, died Monday night at his home in Malibu, California. He was 87.

阿德尔森 founded and served as chairman and CEO of 拉斯维加斯 Sands Corp., the world’是最大的游戏公司,成立于1988年。自从星期四以来,他一直在休病假,以继续对抗自2019年以来一直在战斗的非霍奇金淋巴瘤。

“It is with unbearable pain that I announce the death of my husband, Sheldon G. 阿德尔森, of complications from a long illness,” his wife, Dr. Miriam 阿德尔森, said in 提供周二声明 由拉斯维加斯金沙集团提供。

“To me —关于他的孩子,孙子以及他的朋友,仰慕者,雇员和同事—他是无可替代的。”

Under 阿德尔森’s leadership, 拉斯维加斯 Sands pioneered the integrated resort model that now dominates the Strip, combining luxury hotel-casinos with convention centers. 阿德尔森’他的概念如此受欢迎并在财务上取得了成功,以至于他成为世界上的一员’s wealthiest people.

阿德尔森 shared that wealth as a generous philanthropist. Along with his wife, he underwrote medical research, a 私人的 school, drug rehabilitation clinics and numerous other causes.

阿德尔森’保守的价值观,对美国和以色列的热爱以及他希望保持两国之间最牢固的外交和文化联系的愿望迫使他拥护和支持犹太人事业。他成为美国之一’是最有影响力的政治超级捐助者,在过去的二十年中为共和党候选人和保守派PAC捐助了数亿美元。

拉斯维加斯金沙集团董事长and CEO Sheldon 阿德尔森 and his wife, Dr. Miriam 阿德尔森, attend ...
拉斯维加斯金沙集团董事长and CEO Sheldon 阿德尔森 and his wife, Dr. Miriam 阿德尔森, attend the presidential debate between Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton and Republican nominee Donald Trump at Hofstra University in Hempstead, N.Y., on Sept. 26, 2016. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)

阿德尔森 also was unfailingly loyal to the thousands of people he employed.

After the coronavirus pandemic forced 内华达州 casinos to shutter in March, 阿德尔森 continued providing full pay and benefits to all 10,000 拉斯维加斯 Sands Corp. employees and the 1,200 employees working in the resorts’关闭期间共有14家独立经营的餐厅。

“作为努力工作,低收入,移民父母的儿子,我从小与全国各地的焦虑症一同长大,”他在《纽约邮报》(New York Post)专栏中写道,他决定继续向员工付款。

“…我记得我从父亲那里学到的最重要的教训之一。他下班回家—当他能找到工作时—并将零钱放入家庭Pushke(慈善箱)中。当我问他为什么我们这么少的时候会给别人,他会说,‘总有人需要比我们更大。’ ”

随着冠状病毒大流行的爆发,阿德尔森为内华达州和纽约的医疗保健提供者和急救人员购买了200万个外科口罩。他派出了自己的私人波音747飞机在中国广州捡起口罩,并将其运送到两个州,以便立即分发。该公司还向内华达州捐赠了数十万套个人防护服,设备和近2,000种冠状病毒检测试剂盒,此外还提供了大量的食品和水。

拉斯维加斯 Sands Inc. Chairman and CEO Sheldon 阿德尔森 leads media on a tour of 威尼斯人 con ...
拉斯维加斯 Sands Inc. Chairman and CEO Sheldon 阿德尔森 leads media on a tour of 威尼斯人 construction site in 1999 prior to the Strip resort’s opening. (拉斯维加斯评论杂志file)

Making way for 威尼斯人

阿德尔森 created 拉斯维加斯 Sands to purchase the legendary Sands Hotel and Casino on the 拉斯维加斯 Strip. He then built the Sands Expo and Convention Center adjacent to the property. The combination was an innovative concept at the time, allowing thousands of guests to converge for business events during the day and enjoy the sights, sounds and flavors of 拉斯维加斯 when the meetings were done.

阿德尔森 imploded the hotel, built in 1952, on Nov. 26, 1996, and spent $1.5 billion to build 威尼斯人 in its place, complete with a reproduction of St. Mark’s Square and waterways with gondolas and singers in striped shirts, straw hats and red sashes. On tours of the resort before its 1999 opening, an excited 阿德尔森 occasionally burst into an operatic refrain of “O Sole Mio.”

威尼斯人’以会议为中心的战略“不仅被嘲笑,还取笑了”在开幕之前,拉斯维加斯金沙集团(Sands Sands Corp.)首席运营官兼代理董事长兼首席执行官罗布·戈德斯坦(Rob Goldstein)在2019年对《评论期刊》(Review-Journal)进行了采访。“I’d在城里认识人们’d say, ‘你们在想什么 ’ ”

阿德尔森 opened Palazzo next door to 威尼斯人 in 2007, integrating the two hotels and convention center into a resort replete with more than 7,000 luxury suites. That model has since been copied again and again on the Strip, with meeting and convention spaces, and their supporting infrastructure, dominating Strip construction in recent years.

“威尼斯人于1999年开业是我们公司真正的开始’的故事,也开启了全球综合度假胜地开发的新时代,”阿德尔森在2019年的一份声明中告诉《拉斯维加斯评论》。“The Venetian’在拉斯维加斯的成功,尤其是我们基于公约的商业策略,最终将成为我们公司在澳门和新加坡获得令人垂涎的许可证的基础。”

阿德尔森 opened the Sands Macao in the Chinese enclave in 2004. Then, in 2007, 阿德尔森 opened 威尼斯人 Macao, an even more elaborate version of his 拉斯维加斯 property and the world’s largest casino. 通过 one estimate, 阿德尔森’在他公司成立的头四年里,他的个人财富翻了14倍’s Macao operations.

即使他能负担得起最好,量身定制的西装,相配的珠宝色领带和口袋方巾,他也永远不会失去对简单乐趣的热爱—特别是泡菜

“我从没想过要致富。从来没有想过” 阿德尔森 once said. “真正促使我前进的是尝试去完成某件事。”

拉斯维加斯金沙集团董事长and CEO Sheldon 阿德尔森 speaks to students at the University of ...
拉斯维加斯金沙集团董事长and CEO Sheldon 阿德尔森 speaks to students at the University of 内华达州, 拉斯维加斯 on April 26, 2012. (John Locher/拉斯维加斯评论杂志)

创业性质

Sheldon Gary 阿德尔森 was born on Aug. 4, 1933, in Dorchester, Boston. 阿德尔森 and his three siblings were raised in a one-room tenement by their parents, Arthur, a cabdriver from Lithuania, and Sarah, a seamstress from Wales. Referring to the family’s meager means, 阿德尔森 later would quip that his was not a rags-to-riches story because “我们太穷了,我们不能’t afford rags.”

12岁那年,他从叔叔那里借了200美元,买了一张在街上卖报纸的许可证。这将是他发现的50多个企业中的第一个—最终包括报纸。他和他的妻子米里亚姆(Miriam)于2007年在特拉维夫发布了《以色列Hay鬼》,并迅速成为以色列每日阅读量最高的图书。他于2015年12月购买了《拉斯维加斯评论期刊》。

“对我来说,企业就像公共汽车,” 阿德尔森 once said. “你站在一个角落,你不知道 ’像第一辆公共汽车去哪里?等待10分钟,然后再走一遍。唐’喜欢那个吗?他们’我会一直来。那里’巴士或企业永无止境。”

拉斯维加斯金沙集团董事长and CEO Sheldon 阿德尔森 stands as he is recognized by President ...
拉斯维加斯金沙集团董事长and CEO Sheldon 阿德尔森 stands as he is recognized by President Donald Trump during a Medal of Freedom ceremony in the East Room of the White House on Nov. 16, 2018. 阿德尔森’s wife, Dr. Miriam 阿德尔森, received a Medal of Freedom. (Andrew Harnik/The Associated Press)
拉斯维加斯 Sands Inc. CEO Sheldon 阿德尔森 displays a rendering of the Sands Hotel with the Sands Expo & Convention Center in this undated file photo. When the meeting center opened in 1990, it was the only 私人的ly operated convention center in the United States. The Sands Hotel was later imploded to make way for 威尼斯人 and the Palazzo resorts. (Gary Thompson/拉斯维加斯评论杂志)
Sheldon 阿德尔森, chairman and CEO of 拉斯维加斯 Sands Corp., left, and Bill Weidner, president and COO of 拉斯维加斯 Sands Corp., right, admire a model of the Marina Bay Sands integrated resort on Feb. 8, 2007, in Singapore. The $6 billion resort was completed in 2010 and is an iconic building in the city-island nation. (AP Photo/Wong Maye-E)


拉斯维加斯 Sands Chairman and CEO Sheldon 阿德尔森 speaks at a news conference for the Sands Cotai Central in Macau Wednesday, April 12, 2012. U.S. billionaire 阿德尔森’一家澳门赌场运营商周三推出了其已延期已久的第四家度假村,该度假村耗资44亿美元,’s the company’关于全球持续强劲增长的最新押注’最大的赌博市场。 (美联社照片/张坚)

阿德尔森 attributed his business success to doing things differently than the way that peers had conventionally done them.

“我了解到,如果您以不同的方式做事,成功就会像阴影一样跟随着您。以便’s what I did,”他在2014年全球游戏博览会上露面。“人们怀疑我,因为人们只是没有’做我想做的。没有人想到过像我那样做。他们对现状感到满意,而我’我从不对现状感到满意。”

他进入纽约城市学院攻读商业和金融专业,但后来退学,参军并参加了朝鲜战争。回到美国后,他在华尔街担任法院速记员,并开始尝试各种业务,包括抵押经纪,金融咨询和房地产投资。他还投资了许多其他公司,其中包括一家出版杂志的公司。其标题之一:数据通信用户。

在得知其他杂志正在赞助与其内容相关的约定后,Adelson决定专门为计算机经销商创建会议。他的时机无可挑剔。个人计算的世界才刚刚开始兴起。与合作伙伴Robert Lively和Richard Katzeff合作,Adelson举办了首个技术贸易展览会,并于1979年将其称为Comdex,这是计算机经销商展览会的展览场地。该展览会在最初的MGM Grand举行,地点是Bally’s展位目前已有167个参展商和3,904位与会者。

在其鼎盛时期,Comdex是拉斯维加斯有史以来最大的会议,每年有200,000多名与会者。

In 1995, 阿德尔森 and his Comdex partners sold the trade show to a Japanese conglomerate for $862 million, of which 阿德尔森’s share was reported to be $500 million. This was money he leveraged to build 威尼斯人, but he also set his sights overseas.

拉斯维加斯金沙集团董事长and CEO Sheldon 阿德尔森 addresses the media during the grand ope ...
拉斯维加斯金沙集团董事长and CEO Sheldon 阿德尔森 addresses the media during the grand opening ceremony for the Marina Bay Sands in Singapore on Feb. 17, 2011. The massive $6 billion project, Singapore’s second casino, helped turn the Southeast Asian city island-nation into a gambling, tourism and convention destination. (AP Photo/Wong Maye-E)

澳门强国

拉斯维加斯金沙集团抓住时机,将澳门这个曾经的葡萄牙殖民地于1999年重返中国大陆政府。

1849年,葡萄牙政府认为赌博在澳门是合法的,但该行业在1962年取得了突破,当时商人何鸿ley(Stanley Ho)获准垄断所有形式的赌博。到2002年结束,当时授予了三个赌场特许权,结束了垄断。金沙集团(Sands)与其中一家获奖特许公司合作,是市场上第一家美国公司,领先于永利渡假村有限公司(Wynn Resorts Ltd.)和现在的美高梅国际渡假村(MGM Resorts International)。

澳门金沙酒店于2004年开业“Las Vegas of Asia.”据业内分析人士称,该度假村非常成功,以至于其第一年的利润就超过了该项目的2.4亿美元建设成本。

阿德尔森 said he always knew Macao would be a success for the company because the largest American casino companies courted Asian high rollers all the time —澳门比美国要容易得多。他还说,澳门的亚洲竞争对手对他的成功感到惊讶。

“(评论家)错误地预言我不会’t open,”他在2014年接受彭博社采访时说。“I’d永远不会建立它,如果我建立它,我会’打开。如果我确实打开,我’d立即破产。他们没有’不想相信别人可以做的事比他们做的更好。他们严重低估了我。”

公司’在接下来的几年中,亚洲的建筑热潮持续,澳门广场(Plaza)于2008年开业,金沙城中心(Sands Cotai Central)于2012年开业,澳门巴黎人(Parisian Macao)于2016年开业。金沙城中心(Sands Cotai Central)正在装修,并更名为澳门伦敦人一项数十亿美元的投资,计划于本月开业。

威尼斯人 Macao is shown in 2007, when it opened with the world’s largest casino. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)
拉斯维加斯金沙集团董事长and CEO Sheldon 阿德尔森 and his wife, Dr. Miriam 阿德尔森, stand in front of a model of the Sands Cotai Central during a news conference in Macao on April 12, 2012. 公司 has become the dominant resort operator in the Chinese enclave Macao, the world’s largest gaming market. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)

Over the years, Sands has become the market leader in Macao, and 阿德尔森 has said on earnings calls with investors that it would continue to be the largest gaming market in the world and a place where the company will invest.

此外,该公司还在新加坡建造了滨海湾金沙酒店,并在2010年耗资近60亿美元在这幢耀眼的度假胜地中开设了一个公园和一个伸向三座塔楼的无边泳池。

阿德尔森 said the design of the Marina Bay Sands occurred because Singapore’政府希望建造一座标志性建筑。他建议使用一座带有人行道的桥梁通往度假村顶楼的游泳池。这导致了金沙空中公园的发展。

“比赛(在度假胜地开发商中)具有建筑元素,”他在2014年全球游戏博览会上表示。“他们说,将有20%到30%的决定是基于架构制定的。…我相信标志性建筑。什么时候我们’在与其他人竞争时,您希望拥有一栋看起来比其他人更好的建筑。在我看来,标志性作品就像是澳大利亚悉尼的歌剧院。如果您看一张照片,便会确切知道它所在的城市’s located. That’是一座标志性的建筑。”

正在对该物业进行33亿美元的扩建,包括一座新塔楼和一个可容纳15,000个座位的表演场地。

Forbes recently ranked 阿德尔森 as the 38th-richest American, estimating his assets at $35 billion. He owned roughly 57 percent of 拉斯维加斯 Sands’根据向美国证券交易委员会提交的文件,截至2019年12月31日的已发行普通股数量。

拉斯维加斯金沙集团董事长and CEO Sheldon 阿德尔森, left, and presidential candidate Mitt R ...
拉斯维加斯金沙集团董事长and CEO Sheldon 阿德尔森, left, and presidential candidate Mitt Romney pose for a photograph at the Republican Jewish Coalition’s Winter Leadership Meeting at 威尼斯人 on April 2, 2011, in 拉斯维加斯. (David Becker/拉斯维加斯评论杂志)

政治巨人

As his stature and influence expanded across the globe, 阿德尔森 and the company became heavily involved in politics. Originally a Democrat, 阿德尔森 began favoring Republican economic policies as his wealth grew.

阿德尔森慷慨地资助了共和党,挑战民主党候选人在克拉克县委员会和内华达州的席位,但没有成功’国会第一区,然后将强大的火力集中在国家政治战线上。阿德尔森捐赠给乔治·W·布什’在2004年的连任竞选中,他是一个名为“自由”的保守政治主张团体的主要支持者’s Watch in 2008.

2012年,他最初在共和党总统初选中支持前众议院议长纽特·金里奇(Newt Gingrich),然后落后于政党’的提名人,罗姆尼(Mitt Romney)。据说他仅在总统竞选上就花费了9300万美元。

That year 阿德尔森 wrote an op-ed for The Wall Street Journal headlined “I didn’不要离开民主党。他们离开了我。”他对民主党最大的抱怨之一就是他所说的该党中新兴的反以色列情绪。

“It’我相信,我的旧移民犹太邻居会做出这样的选择,” he wrote. “他们不会让与共和党人的一些分歧丧失与更好地支持像以色列这样的自由民主政体的政党,更好地体现慈善精神的政党以及制定经济政策的政党的重要性,因为政党肯定会对那些人有利美国人现在正在寻找工作。”

In 2016, Sheldon and Miriam 阿德尔森 donated $82.5 million to GOP groups. The couple supported Donald Trump and, following his presidential election victory, they also donated $5 million to Trump’成立委员会。

The 阿德尔森s ranked as the nation’s top political donors in both the 2018 and 2020 elections, according to the Center for Responsive Politics, directing almost $350 million to Republican candidates during those cycles. The 阿德尔森s and 拉斯维加斯 Sands also donated $23.2 million for statewide races in 2018.

“I’反对非常富有的人试图或影响选举,” 阿德尔森 once told Forbes. “But as long as it’s doable, I’m going to do it.”

President Donald Trump and 拉斯维加斯金沙集团董事长and CEO Sheldon 阿德尔森 address the I ...
President Donald Trump and 拉斯维加斯金沙集团董事长and CEO Sheldon 阿德尔森 address the Israeli American Council National Summit in Hollywood, Fla., on Dec. 7, 2019. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)

以色列的倡导,慈善事业

阿德尔森’的政治影响力并不仅限于美国边界。他被广泛认为是本杰明·内塔尼亚胡(Benjamin Netanyahu)的最慷慨和最有影响力的贡献者’竞选赢得以色列第四任’2015年担任总理。

The 阿德尔森s were strong advocates for U.S. recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and for moving the U.S. Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. Trump did both, and the 阿德尔森s were present when the new U.S. Embassy opened in Jerusalem in 2018.

阿德尔森 also has donated generously to causes he cared about. In 2006, the 阿德尔森s donated $25 million to Yad Vashem, the Holocaust shrine in Israel, the largest 私人的 donation in its history.

That same year, they created the Dr. Miriam and Sheldon G. 阿德尔森 Medical Research Foundation, which has funded hundreds of millions of dollars in groundbreaking research on treatments for cancer, neurological disorders and other diseases. The foundation was born from Sheldon 阿德尔森’为受苦患者寻找有效治疗方法的步伐缓慢而感到沮丧。

“阿德尔森先生发现,医学发现的进步与对新科学发现的保密性混为一谈,直到发表期刊论文或获得资金资助,该行业所拥有的生物技术都不受学术研究人员控制,并且该系统不鼓励冒险大量的科学步骤,” the foundation’s website says. “聪明的调查人员生活在孤立的环境中,并花费宝贵的时间试图从传统的政府资金来源和基金会获取资金,很多时候与同行争夺稀缺资源。”该基金会为合作,汇集知识和资源并相互验证的机构和研究人员提供资金’的实验,加快了对有效治疗方法的识别。

2007年,这对夫妻建立了阿德尔森家庭基金会,“加强以色列和犹太人民的国家,”根据其网站。通过该基金会的主要捐款包括向其位于萨默林的私立学校Miriam博士和Sheldon G. 阿德尔森教育校园捐赠的5,000万美元;向医学研究部门提供6500万美元;以及超过4亿美元的捐助给Birthright Israel,后者为犹太青少年和年轻人提供免费的以色列教育访问。该基金会被认为是犹太和以色列事业最大的捐助者,每年捐款约2亿美元。

阿德尔森 often made smaller charitable gestures. Forty U.S. soldiers who had been recuperating from serious war wounds at Walter Reed National 军事 Medical Center were flown to 拉斯维加斯 to spend the 2008 Labor Day weekend in 威尼斯人’s high-roller luxury suites. 阿德尔森 went on to host many other wounded veterans at his Strip hotels as a thank-you for their service.

公司’金沙集团的企业捐赠计划为各种原因的金钱和公司志愿者提供资金,从2017年台风哈托袭击澳门后的disaster灾,内华达无家可归青年伙伴计划和内华达州南部的帮助到正在进行的金沙ECO360全球可持续发展计划。

The exterior lights at 威尼斯人 and Palazzo are turned off in support of Earth Hour on Marc ...
The exterior lights at 威尼斯人 and Palazzo are turned off in support of Earth Hour on March 28, 2020, in 拉斯维加斯. 威尼斯人 strategically illuminated several guest suites to spell out the word “LOVE” as a tribute to the extraordinary efforts of the medical community worldwide to help protect the public from the coronavirus pandemic. (L.E. Baskow/拉斯维加斯评论杂志)

打击毒品成瘾

The 阿德尔森s’ benevolence also focused on helping those fighting drug addiction. The couple opened their first drug abuse clinic in Tel Aviv in 1993. In 2000, the 阿德尔森s opened the Dr. Miriam and Sheldon G. 阿德尔森 Clinic for Drug Abuse Treatment and Research in 拉斯维加斯 to help treat addiction to opioids and other substances.

In addition to funding drug treatment, the 阿德尔森s have contributed to campaigns to defeat the legalization of medicinal and recreational marijuana. Their mutual passion for fighting illegal drugs stemmed from Miriam 阿德尔森’s medical studies and the loss of Mitchell 阿德尔森, one of Sheldon 阿德尔森’从他的婚姻到第一任妻子桑德拉(Sandra)的儿子,到2005年吸毒过量。

In fact, it was 阿德尔森’对战斗成瘾的奉献精神使当时的Miriam Farbstein同意与“勇敢的波士顿商人”她的朋友曾暗示可能对她很合适。法布斯坦(Farbstein)是一名医师,是以色列人,他是纽约洛克菲勒大学(Rockefeller University)的交换生,研究化学依赖性和药物成瘾。

日期进行得很顺利。这对夫妻于1991年在以色列结婚。

“从那以后的三十年中,我怀疑我和谢尔顿之间相隔了六个半晚上以上,” Miriam 阿德尔森 wrote in a letter celebrating her husband’s 85th birthday.

将NFL带到拉斯维加斯

超越自己的公司 ’s investments on the 拉斯维加斯 Strip, 阿德尔森 recently influenced another major transformation to the resort corridor skyline: Allegiant Stadium.

阿德尔森 struck the initial partnership with Oakland 攻略 owner Mark Davis in 2016 that laid the groundwork for the team’s 2020 move to 拉斯维加斯. 阿德尔森’承诺的私人融资有助于确保内华达州立法机构的安全’支持酒店客房税收增长,并为这个耗资20亿美元的项目提供7.5亿美元的公共资金。

But 阿德尔森 withdrew his promised $650 million commitment in 2017 amid failed negotiations with the 攻略 and the NFL and over botched communications involving the stadium’的业务计划和租赁建议。

“(Adelsons)感到(The 攻略)要求获得收入来源和仅仅是使交易不可行的事情,”拉斯维加斯金沙集团公司政府关系和社区事务副总裁安迪·阿布德(Andy Abboud)在2017年表示。“这与阿德尔森一家的财务回报无关,但阿德尔森一家’不会被攻略者,NFL或任何其他人捡走。”

Nevertheless, 攻略 President Marc Badain, 拉斯维加斯 Stadium Authority Board Chairman Steve Hill and then-UNLV President Len Jessup all publicly acknowledged that the stadium plan would not have been possible without 阿德尔森’s initial involvement. The 攻略 later obtained bank financing to replace 阿德尔森’的投资,室内体育馆于去年夏天竣工。

In addition to his wife, Miriam, Sheldon 阿德尔森 is survived by three sons, Gary, Adam and Matan 阿德尔森; three daughters, Shelley 阿德尔森, Sivan Dumont (and son-in-law Patrick Dumont) and Yasmin Lukatz ; and 11 grandchildren.

The Review-Journal is owned by the family of Sheldon 阿德尔森.

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